Turjaf Congress

Submission Form

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General Format

Authors should consider the following general rules for preparation of the manuscript. Please read these instructions carefully and follow the guidelines strictly.

• Fonts: Important – Use Times or Times New Roman 12 point size only (other sizes as specified), and Symbol font for mathematical symbols (in the text and in the figures).
° Justification should be set to full (or left only, if preferred).
° Do not underline: Use italics, bold or bold italics instead.
° Line spacing should be set at 2 (Double).
° Leave a line space between paragraphs and sections.
° Leave a line space between section titles and text.
° Leave only one space after a full stop.


• Manuscripts must be typed on A4 (210 × 297 mm) paper, double-spaced throughout and with ample margins of at least 2.5 cm. All pages must be numbered consecutively. Starting with the title page as p.1, the text, which begins with p.2, is to be arranged in the following order:
abstract, brief introduction, materials and methods, results and discussion, acknowledgements, references, figure legends, tables.
• The first page of the full manuscript must begin with the title of the paper centered on the page in 14 point Bold Title Case (title case means first letter of each main word capitalized), the names of the authors (Initials – followed by a period each – Family Name) with the main author’s name mentioned first, the names and locations of the authors’ affiliations (Title Case), and the e-mail address of the main author. The title page must provide the title in English, a short title of not more than 45 characters (including spaces) to be used as running head, up to five topical key words in English for subject indexing, the full postal address of the corresponding author to whom proofs will be sent. The title should be brief and should indicate the species studied. Subtitles are not encouraged.
• The abstract should not exceed 300 words, should be one paragraph and should be free of references and abbreviations. It should indicate clearly the scope and main conclusions of the paper.
• The introduction should give the pertinent background to the study and should explain why the work was done.
• The materials and methods (or methodology) should give essential details, including experimental design and statistical analysis.
• The results should present the findings of the research. They should be free from discussion. Results should be written in the past tense.
• The discussion should cover, but not simply repeat the new findings and should present the author's results in broader context of other work on the subject interpreting them with a minimum of speculation.
• The acknowledgements should be as brief as possible.


List of References 
The list of references appears at the end of your work and gives the full details of everything that you have cited in the text in alphabetical order by the author’s surname.
All sources must be referred in a consistent manner. Choose from the list of sources below, the examples given, provide a guide to the format and punctuation you should use.
• Journal (Print)
• Journal (Electronic)
• Book
• Book Chapter
• Conference Papers

Journal Article (Print) 
Elements:
• Author’s surname, Initial
• Publication Year
• Article Title
• Name of Journal (in standard abbreviation)
• Volume
• Starting Pages
• Ending Pages
• Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
• Direct link of the published article

Example
Author AA, Author BB, Author CC. Publication Year. Article title. Name of Journal (in standard abbreviation)., Volume: Starting Pages-Ending Pages. DOI: XX.XXXX/bbbb.0000.1234.1234; PMID 0123456789;

Journal Article (Electronic)
Elements:
• Author’s surname, Initial
• Publication Year
• Article Title
• Name of Journal (in standard abbreviation)
• Volume
• Page Numbers (if applicable)
• Available at 
• Accessed on (enter date you viewed the article)
• Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

Example
Author A. Publication Year. Article title. Name of Journal (in standard abbreviation), Volume: Page Numbers (if applicable).
Available from: http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx [Accessed Day Month Jear].


Book 
• Author/Editor’s Surname and initials
• Year of publication
• Title of Book
• Edition (if applicable)
• Place of publication: (followed by a colon)
• Name of publisher
• ISBN Number

Example
Author A, Author B. Year of publication. Title of book. Edition (if applicable)., Place of publication: (followed by a colon). Name of publisher. ISBN Number.


Book Chapter 
• Author/Editor’s Surname and initials
• Year of publication
• Title of Chapter
• In: (enter editor’s surname and initials)
• Book Title
• Edition (if applicable)
• Place of publication: (followed by a colon)
• Name of publisher
• Page number
• ISBN

Example
Author J. Year of publication. Title of chapter. In: (enter editor’s surname and initials). Book Title. Edition (if applicable). Place of publication: (followed by a colon). Name of publisher. pp: Page number. ISBN.

Conference Papers
Conference paper’s should be referenced using the following format and punctuation.

• Author’s surname, initials
• Date of publication
• Title of paper
• In: Editor’s surname, initials, (if applicable)
• Title of proceedings
• Place of conference
• Date of conference
• Publishers
• Page numbers of contribution

Example
Author GF. Date of publication. Title of paper. In: Editor’s surname, initials, (if applicable). Title of proceedings. Place of conference, Date of conference. Publishers, pp: Page numbers of contribution.


Abbreviations and Units 
Generally, units must be abbreviated according to the International System of Units (SI units). Below you find examples of abbreviations of the most commonly used SI units:

Meter: m, Kilogram: kg, Second: s, Minute: min, Ampere: A, square meter: m2, cubic meter: m3, Hertz: Hz


Tables, figures & illustrations 

• In presenting data, authors should anticipate the limitations set by the size and layout of the journal. Large and complex tables, figures and maps should be avoided in the main paper, but can be included in a data appendix for use by reviewers.

• Figures should be saved in a neutral data format such as JPEG, TIFF or EPS. PowerPoint and Word graphics are unsuitable for reproduction. Please do not use any pixel-oriented programmes. Scanned figures (in JPEG and TIFF formats) should have a resolution of 300 dpi (halftone) or 600 to 1200 dpi (line drawings) in relation to the reproduction size.

• Any tables and figures that are included in the main text of the paper should be numbered separately, in the sequence that they are mentioned in the text.

• Each table and figure should be presented on a separate page of the manuscript, with a brief and self-explanatory title. All text should be clearly legible, and all graphics and legends should be easily distinguished when printed in black and white. Tables should use horizontal lines only, with only blank space to separate columns.

• Notes under each table and figure should be used to explain and specify the source of all data shown.

File Sizes 
Manuscripts will be distributed to reviewers via the Web. However, reviewers who use telephone modems may experience unacceptable download delays if the files are too large. A number of simple tricks can be used to avoid unnecessarily large files. Do not scan pages of text. Do not scan printed Figures unless no original digital document exists. If a scanned figure is unavoidable, please use Adobe PhotoShop or a similar program to edit the file and reduce the file size (not necessarily the image size) as much as possible before submission. For example, crop the picture to exclude surrounding "white space." Do not carelessly use colour. Black and white line drawings or gray-scale figures should not be saved as color documents; this will increase file sizes without increasing the information content of the file. Do not use colour unless absolutely needed to convey information. 

Manuscript file format 
We request to submit article in Microsoft Word format (.DOC). If you are using another word processor please save final version of the manuscript (using 'Save As' option of the file menu) as a Word document. In this case please double check that the saved file can be opened in Microsoft Word. We cannot accept Acrobat .PDF or any other text files.